This lecture takes a deeper look at Iranian capabilities and, we compare their abilities to STEMPLES Plus and indicators of change. STEMPLES Plus is a framework commonly used to analyze and assess adversary capabilities. For this lecture, we will focus on using STEMPLE Plus to measure Iran. We will also look at indicators of change within each of the letters of STEMPLES Plus as we look at their ability to wage offensive cyber operations.
When assessing Iran's information technology capability to wage cyber warfare operations, the following factors come into play: Impact of Emerging Technologies: Iran recognizes the importance of emerging technologies related to cyber warfare, intelligence, and operations. These technologies, such as artificial intelligence (AI), machine learning (ML), automation, and advanced analytics, can enhance offensive cyber capabilities. Iran may invest in researching, adopting, and adapting emerging technologies to strengthen its cyber operations. Impact of the Internet and Communications: The proliferation of the internet and the reduction in communications costs have provided opportunities for Iran to engage in cyber warfare operations. The internet enables connectivity, information exchange, and the ability to carry out hacking activities or government-funded operations against adversaries. Iran can leverage the internet for reconnaissance, malware distribution, command and control, and other offensive activities. Research and Development (R&D) Activity: Iran acknowledges the significance of research and development in the cyber warfare, intelligence, and operations fields. R&D efforts contribute to enhancing offensive capabilities, developing new tools and techniques, and staying abreast of advancements in the cyber domain. Iran may invest in R&D activities to improve its technical expertise and gain a competitive edge.