Specialty Area

Work Role

Work Role Definition

Securely Provision

Risk Management

Authorizing Official/Designating Representative

Senior official or executive with the authority to formally assume responsibility for operating an information system at an acceptable level of risk to organizational operations (including mission, functions, image, or reputation), organizational assets, individuals, other organizations, and the Nation (CNSSI 4009).

Security Control Assessor

Conducts independent comprehensive assessments of the management, operational, and technical security controls and control enhancements employed within or inherited by an information technology (IT) system to determine the overall effectiveness of the controls (as defined in NIST SP 800-37).

Software Development

Software Developer

Develops, creates, maintains, and writes/codes new (or modifies existing) computer applications, software, or specialized utility programs.

Secure Software Assessor

Analyzes the security of new or existing computer applications, software, or specialized utility programs and provides actionable results.

Systems Architecture

Enterprise Architect

Develops and maintains business, systems, and information processes to support enterprise mission needs; develops information technology (IT) rules and requirements that describe baseline and target architectures.

Security Architect

Designs enterprise and systems security throughout the development lifecycle; translates technology and environmental conditions (e.g., law and regulation) into security designs and processes.

Technology R&D

Research & Development Specialist

Conducts software and systems engineering and software systems research in order to develop new capabilities, ensuring cybersecurity is fully integrated. Conducts comprehensive technology research to evaluate potential vulnerabilities in cyberspace systems.

Systems Requirements Planning

Requirements Planner

Consults with customers to evaluate functional requirements and translate functional requirements into technical solutions.

Test and Evaluation

Testing and Evaluation Specialist

Plans, prepares, and executes tests of systems to evaluate results against specifications and requirements as well as analyze/report test results.

Systems Development

Information Systems Security Developer

Designs, develops, tests, and evaluates information system security throughout the systems development lifecycle.

Systems Developer

Designs, develops, tests, and evaluates information systems throughout the systems development lifecycle.

Operate and Maintain

Database Administration

Database Administrator

Administers databases and/or data management systems that allow for the storage, query, and utilization of data.

Data Analyst

Examines data from multiple disparate sources with the goal of providing new insight. Designs and implements custom algorithms, flow processes and layouts for complex, enterprise-scale data sets used for modeling, data mining, and research purposes.

Knowledge Management

Knowledge Manager

Responsible for the management and administration of processes and tools that enable the organization to identify, document, and access intellectual capital and information content.

Customer Service and Technical Support

Technical Support Specialist

Provides technical support to customers who need assistance utilizing client level hardware and software in accordance with established or approved organizational process components. (i.e., Master Incident Management Plan, when applicable).

Network Services

Network Operations Specialist

Plans, implements, and operates network services/systems, to include hardware and virtual environments.

Systems Administration

System Administrator

Installs, configures, troubleshoots, and maintains hardware, software, and administers system accounts.

Systems Analysis

Systems Security Analyst

Responsible for the analysis and development of the integration, testing, operations, and maintenance of systems security.

Oversee and Govern

Legal Advice and Advocacy

Cyber Legal Advisor

Provides legal advice and recommendations on relevant topics related to cyber law.

Privacy Compliance Manager

Develops and oversees privacy compliance program and privacy program staff, supporting privacy compliance needs of privacy and security executives and their teams.

Training, Education, and Awareness

Cyber Instructional Curriculum Developer

Develops, plans, coordinates, and evaluates cyber training/education courses, methods, and techniques based on instructional needs.

Cyber Instructor

Develops and conducts training or education of personnel within cyber domain.

Cybersecurity Management

Information Systems Security Manager

Responsible for the cybersecurity of a program, organization, system, or enclave.

COMSEC Manager

Manages the Communications Security (COMSEC) resources of an organization (CNSSI No. 4009).

Strategic Planning and Policy

Cyber Workforce Developer and Manager

Develop cyberspace workforce plans, strategies and guidance to support cyberspace workforce manpower, personnel, training and education requirements and to address changes to cyberspace policy, doctrine, materiel, force structure, and education and training requirements.

Cyber Policy and Strategy Planner

Develops cyberspace plans, strategy and policy to support and align with organizational cyberspace missions and initiatives.

Executive Cyber Leadership

Executive Cyber Leadership

Executes decision making authorities and establishes vision and direction for an organization's cyber and cyber-related resources and/or operations.

Acquisition and Program/Project Management

Program Manager

Leads, coordinates, communicates, integrates and is accountable for the overall success of the program, ensuring alignment with critical agency priorities.

IT Project Manager

Directly manages information technology projects to provide a unique service or product.

Product Support Manager

Manages the package of support functions required to field and maintain the readiness and operational capability of systems and components.

IT Investment/Portfolio Manager

Manages a portfolio of IT capabilities that align with the overall needs of mission and business enterprise priorities.

IT Program Auditor

Conducts evaluations of an IT program or its individual components, to determine compliance with published standards.

Protect and Defend

Cyber Defense Analysis

Cyber Defense Analyst

Uses data collected from a variety of cyber defense tools (e.g., IDS alerts, firewalls, network traffic logs) to analyze events that occur within their environments for the purposes of mitigating threats.

Cyber Defense Infrastructure

Cyber Defense Infrastructure Support Specialist

Tests, implements, deploys, maintains, and administers the infrastructure hardware and software.

Incident Response

Cyber Defense Incident Responder

Investigates, analyzes, and responds to cyber incidents within the network environment or enclave.

Vulnerability Assessment and Management

Vulnerability Analyst

Performs assessments of systems and networks within the network environment or enclave and identifies where those systems/networks deviate from acceptable configurations, enclave policy, or local policy. Measures effectiveness of defense-in-depth architecture against known vulnerabilities.


Threat Analysis

Warnings Analyst

Develops unique cyber indicators to maintain constant awareness of the status of the highly dynamic operating environment.  Collects, processes, analyzes, and disseminates cyber warning assessments.

Exploitation Analysis

Exploitation Analyst

Collaborates to identify access and collection gaps that can be satisfied through cyber collection and/or preparation activities. Leverages all authorized resources and analytic techniques to penetrate targeted networks.

All-Source Analysis

All-Source Analyst

Analyzes data/information from one or multiple sources to conduct preparation of the environment, respond to requests for information, and submit intelligence collection and production requirements in support of planning and operations.

Mission Assessment Specialist

Develops assessment plans and measures of performance/effectiveness. Conducts strategic and operational effectiveness assessments as required for cyber events.  Determines whether systems performed as expected and provides input to the determination of operational effectiveness.


Target Developer

Performs target system analysis, builds and/or maintains electronic target folders to include inputs from environment preparation, and/or internal or external intelligence sources.  Coordinates with partner target activities and intelligence organizations, and presents candidate targets for vetting and validation.

Target Analyst

Conducts advanced analysis of collection and open-source data to ensure target continuity; to profile targets and their activities; and develop techniques to gain more target information.  Determines how targets communicate, move, operate and live based on knowledge of target technologies, digital networks and the applications on them.

Language Analysis

Language Analyst

Applies language and culture expertise with target/threat and technical knowledge to process, analyze, and/or disseminate intelligence information derived from language, voice and/or graphic material.  Creates, and maintains language specific databases and working aids to support cyber action execution and ensure critical knowledge sharing.  Provides subject matter expertise in foreign language-intensive or interdisciplinary projects.

Operate and Collect

Collection Operations

All Source-Collection Manager

Identifies collection authorities and environment; incorporates priority information requirements into collection management; develops concepts to meet leadership's intent. Determines capabilities of available collection assets, identifies new collection capabilities; and constructs and disseminates collection plans.  Monitors execution of tasked collection to ensure effective execution of the collection plan.

All Source-Collection Requirements Evaluation Manager

Evaluates collection operations and develops effects-based collection requirements strategies using available sources and methods to improve collection.  Develops, processes, validates, and coordinates submission of collection requirements.  Evaluates performance of collection assets and collection operations.

Cyber Operational Planning

Cyber Intel Planner

Develops detailed intelligence plans to satisfy cyber operations requirements.  Collaborates with cyber operations planners to identify, validate, and levy requirements for collection and analysis.  Participates in targeting selection, validation, synchronization, and execution of cyber actions.  Synchronizes intelligence activities to support organization objectives in cyberspace.

Cyber Operations Planner

Develops detailed plans for the conduct or support of the applicable range of cyber operations through collaboration with other planners, operators and/or analysts.   Participates in targeting selection, validation, synchronization, and enables integration during the execution of cyber actions.

Partner Integration Planner

Works to advance cooperation across organizational or national borders between cyber operations partners.  Aids the integration of partner cyber teams by providing guidance, resources, and collaboration to develop best practices and facilitate organizational support for achieving objectives in integrated cyber actions.

Cyber Operations

Cyber Operator

Conducts collection, processing, and/or geolocation of systems in order to exploit, locate, and/or track targets of interest. Performs network navigation, tactical forensic analysis, and, when directed, executing on-net operations.


Cyber Investigation

Cyber Crime Investigator

Identifies, collects, examines, and preserves evidence using controlled and documented analytical and investigative techniques.

Digital Forensics

Forensics Analyst

Conducts deep-dive investigations on computer-based crimes establishing documentary or physical evidence, to include digital media and logs associated with cyber intrusion incidents.

Cyber Defense Forensics Analyst

Analyzes digital evidence and investigates computer security incidents to derive useful information in support of system/network vulnerability mitigation.